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On June 10, 2004 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the resolution A/RES/58/293 (Croatia was one of the proposers) which proclaimed 2005 the International Year of Physics. This was the outcome of the initiative that took several years, and was started by European Physical Society under the name World Year of Physics 2005. The initiative was supported by IUPAP and UNESCO.

The year 2005 is also called Einstein Year of Physics because it is the centenary of seminal scientific discoveries by Albert Einstein which are the basis of modern physics. These were the works dealing with Brownian movement, photoelectric effect and the special theory of relativity.

The International Year of Physics 2005 highlights Annus Mirabilis 1905 and celebrates the genius of Albert Einstein. However, at this occasion, the opportunity should be taken to draw the attention of public to the important role that physics plays in everyday life. Today, at the beginning of 21st century, the weakening of the interest to study and understand physics can be noticed throughout the world. At the same time, the World global problems (energy production, environmental and human health protection) can hardly be solved without help that stems from the development in the field of physics and its applications. Therefore, the our activities during this year should be directed to increase the public awareness that our today's basic physical research constitutes the foundation for the new technological advances in the future.

The activities on highlighting the International Year of Physics in Croatia are conducted under the high patronage of the president of the Republic of Croatia, Stjepan Mesic, and co-patronage of the Ministry of Science, Education and Sport. The activities organized to celebrate the International Year of Physics in Croatia are coordinated by the Croatian Physical Society and will be realized in collaboration with other institutions (Institute "Rudjer Boskovic, Institute of Physics, Physics and Geophysics Departments of the Faculty of Science in Zagreb), as well as college and high-school students.